Rights-based HIV Prevention and Treatment for Key Populations in Mozambique

Pathfinder International

In Mozambique, key populations for HIV prevention include female sex workers, men who have sex with men, incarcerated individuals, and people who inject drugs. While Mozambique has reduced the number of new HIV infections over the past decade, HIV prevalence among Mozambique’s key populations is disproportionately high, when compared to the general population. 

This brief describes how the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention- and Anadarko-funded Increasing Access to HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment for Key Populations in Mozambique project (2015-2018), led by Pathfinder International, contributed to a reduction in HIV incidence by increasing access to clinical and community services that protect and respect the human rights of key populations. This technical brief explores implementation of Pathfinder’s rights-based approach in the context of VIDAS II project.

Results from the VIDAS II project shed light on some of the persisting challenges as well as the opportunities that exist for reaching key populations and retaining them in HIV treatment programs.

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