NOTE: This site will be updated as new materials become available - please bookmark and check back often.
LAST UPDATE - February 25, 2020 - newest materials will show up at the top of the lists.
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a statement declaring that the coronavirus (officially called COVID19 as of 11 February 2020) discovered in China in December 2019 now meets the criteria for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The announcement led the way for official recognition of the deadly virus as a danger to all, and ministries/departments of health worldwide subsequently ratcheted up their efforts to prevent its spread.
For countries outside of China, the WHO directive states:
"It is expected that further international exportation of cases may appear in any country. Thus, all countries should be prepared for containment, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and prevention of onward spread of 2019-nCoV infection, and to share full data with WHO."
While development of a vaccine may be months in the making, there are immediate steps everyone can take to help prevent infection. For the foreseeable future (we will update this page if/when the situation changes), the advice from WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention includes promotion of improved hygiene practices, especially in countries where outbreaks have occurred; ensuring public availability of the most current and accurate information; active correction of misinformation; and elimination of stigma.
Social and behavior change (SBC) professionals are well positioned to address all three of these recommendations. SBC interventions can encourage proper hygiene techniques in food preparation, personal cleanliness, and contact with potentially infected persons. In many scenarios, this may involve significant behavior change and alteration of social norms. In addition, SBC efforts can address the correction of misinformation circulating in communities, and the reduction of stigma directed at those who have contracted the virus and other vulnerable populations.
We offer this Trending Topic as a starting point for those SBC professionals seeking examples of relevant project materials and resources, and encourage you to contribute to this collection by uploading your materials here or by writing to our curator at email@example.com.
- Wiesman, J. & Hasegawa, T. (2020, February 3). It takes all of us to reduce stigma during disease outbreaks. Medium.
- Fischer, L.S., Mansergh, G., Lynch, J., & Santibanez, S. (2019). Addressing disease-related stigma during infectious disease outbreaks. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 13(5-6), 989-994.
- Fidler, D. (2019, August 20). Disinformation and disease: social media and the Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Council on Foreign Relations.
- Tumpey, A., Daigle, D., & Nowak, G. (2018). Communicating during an outbreak or public health investigation. In S. A. Rasmussen & R. A. Goodman (Eds.), The CDC field epidemiology manual [Online edition]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Hsu, Y., Chen, Y., Wei, H., Yang, Y., & Chen, Y. (2017). Risk and outbreak communication: lessons from Taiwan's experiences in the post-SARS era. Health Security, 15(2), 165-169.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016). Ending discrimination against people with mental and substance use disorders: The evidence for stigma change. National Academies Press.
- Cobb, L. (2014, November 12). What can be done to reduce stigma and help communities get beyond fear. Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs.
- Davtyan, M., Brown, B., & Folayan, M.O. (2014). Addressing Ebola-related stigma: lessons learned from HIV/AIDS. Global Health Action, 7, 1-4.
MEDBOX has included new chapters on its Rapid Response website for the coronavirus COVID 19 with the latest situation updates; clinical guidelines; infection and prevention control measures; Infographics for the public. The site offers resources in multiple languages.
This page is edited daily with new resources about the COVID-19, Coronavirus. It includes COVID-19 page links from journals, international organizations, univeristies, libraries, ministries of health, national health NGOs, and more.
As the media is filled with stories aobut coronavirus, most news articles focus on numbers of cases and deaths, new locations of cases, etc.
The purpose of this I-Kit is to provide a set of key considerations for SBCC activities in emergency situations.
This I-Kit provides essential information and tools for responding to an outbreak using an SBCC approach. It presents a series of nine units, each accompanied by exercise worksheets to help link the SBCC theory to practice.
WHO's web page on coronavirus offers links for both professionals and the general public. The site includes documentation, statistics, updates, information for travelers, guidelines for health professionals, and more.
This free course provides a general introduction to nCoV and emerging respiratory viruses and is intended for public health professionals, incident managers and personnel working for the United Nations, international organizations and NGOs.
This site provides links to tools, materials, statistics, and other important information and documentation about the coronavirus. There is basic information about the virus (what it is, how it is transmitted, treatment options, information for travelers, for healthcare professionals, for public health professionals, and for laboratories.
This page offers links to WHO's technical guidance regarding the coronavirus. Included are links to: country readiness, surveillance and case definitions, laboratory guidance, patient management, infection prevention and control in health care facilities, early investigations, risk communication and community engagement, disease commodity package, and reduction of transmissions from animals to humans. The page is updated frequently.
This pop-up space for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) supports evidence generation by pooling protocols, tools, guidance, templates, and research standards generated by researchers and networks working on the response to this outbreak. Findings from previous outbreaks, largely obtained during MERS and SARS, are also available. This all aims to make research faster and easier and to enable standardised, quality data to be collected and prepared for sharing.
This brief offers guidelines for communication with the public during a disease outbreak.
This document provides WHO checklists for risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) readiness and initial response for novel coronaviruses (nCoV) recently identified in Wuhan, China (2019-nCoV).
The objective of this document is to provide actionable guidance for countries to implement effective RCCE strategies which will help protect the public’s health in the early response to nCoV. This document includes recommended RCCE goals and actions for countries preparing for nCoV cases and for countries that have confirmed -nCoV cases.
This strategy sets out the direction and role of WHO within the context of the SDGs and WHO’s 13th Programme of Work. It reinforces WHO’s traditional role as a source of authoritative guidelines, technical assistance, and evidence for policy-making. It describes how WHO will increase its impact through introduction of transformational approaches, and tackling new results areas like WASH in health care facilities.
This toolkit includes messages for spreading the word about Global Handwashing Day (October 15) on Twitter, Facebook, and blogs. The 2015 theme for Global Handwashing Day is “Raise a Hand for Hygiene”.
The toolkit offers samples for tweets, Facebook posts, and links to blogs and websites.
The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Improvement Training Package is intended to support the training of local outreach workers and their subsequent work in communities to promote improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices to reduce diarrhea.
The Training Package consists of three separate parts:
Emergency risk management is usually based on a team approach to decision-making, response and control. In this guide, this team-based approach is applied to the scenario of an avian influenza outbreak, leading the user through the steps necessary to first plan and develop a response and then to secondly, implement the plan.
This Guide provides an overview of the advocacy process and its components –from planning and information gathering, to evaluating the success of advocacy efforts – and suggests strategic activities and messages that can be used to reach different audiences.
This short video describes what the coronavirus is, how it is spread, how to prevent infection, and what types of treatment are available.
This page offers downloadable graphics that can be used in social media to dispel myths about the coronavirus.
These materials were created by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to promote handwashing.
As part of Tanzania's program to increase infection prevention and control throughout the country, an SBCC strategy was developed. Part of this strategy was the development of a handwashing poster for display.
On February 7th, 2019, the Global Handwashing Partnership, in conjunction with USAID and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, hosted a webinar discussion on the development and randomized controlled trial of a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) mobile health program in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
This campaign was designed to motivate mothers to wash their own hands with soap and to encourage their children to do the same. The campaign involved framing handwashing with soap without using the word "germs" and to frame the discussion as a matter of good manners which will help ensure the success of their children. On the part of the chil
This Guide helps communities to consider improving their lifestyle to reduce disease and infection. Promoting effective and low-cost sanitation, encouraging good hygiene and improving access to clean water supplies helps people to live healthier lives.
Suaahara was a five year (2011-2016) project funded by USAID aimed to improve the nutritional status of women and children in 41 districts of Nepal.
Includes key facts, background, clinical features, antiviral treatment, risk factors, pandemic potential, and WHO's response.
The goals of this communication strategy are:
- Improve knowledge of certain practices such as the risk of children playing / handling poultry and hygienic means to dispose poultry wastes.
- Increase the percent of the public who believe that they could be infected by AI (i.e. increase the perception of possible risk for individuals) and / or who think that their children could be at serious risk if they handle poultry.
This set of counselling cards is designed to help Community Health Workers (CHW) communicate effectively on water, sanitation and hygiene practices with people living with HIV, caregivers and household members. The guide also explains how the cards should be used.
This training manual for cholera prevention and control is intended for community health workers (CHWs) to help their communities prevent cholera illnesses and deaths.