In Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH, through a study led by ideas42, is working to unpack and address the behavioral challenges that prevent providers from adhering to best practices during facility-based deliveries. After a scoping visit in Zambia and literature review of more than 20 related provider behaviors, the research team chose providers’ behavior during delivery—specifically, respectful maternal care—as a focus of study because of its potential for generating knowledge and having an impact on maternal health care.