Over the past 25 years, as the HIV epidemic took hold in many countries, a number of observational research studies suggested a possible increased risk of HIV acquisition for women using progestogen-only injectables, particularly DMPA-IM.
The Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) trial was launched in 2015 to test the comparative risk of HIV acquisition among women using one of the following three contraceptive methods: depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate intramuscular (DMPA-IM), also known as Depo-Provera, two-rod levonorgestrel sub-dermal implant (LNG-Implant), branded as Jadelle, and the copper intrauterine device (Copper-IUD).
This guide was designed to provide UNICEF program planners with accessible and engaging information on social norms, the role they play in perpetuating or changing harmful behaviors, and best practices for programming.
As social norms are context and culture specific, the Learning Collaborative to Advance Normative Change created this map to display results from members' work on social norms-focused interventions and research projects around the world. Case studies and tools of each project can be found by clicking on a location or using the filter options.
AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH - DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS ET FRANÇAIS