Program Guidance

Previous pandemics have shown that gender inequality is not a side issue and that recognizing factors that can marginalize individuals in different groups can save lives. We also know that crises exacerbate gender inequalities.

On March 11 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak was recognized by WHO as having become a pandemic. The rate of spread of the novel coronavirus has taken many countries by surprise, and preventing and containing any further spread of the virus has now become a major public health priority for countries everywhere.

This brief sets out practical considerations relating to the design and impact of measures that restrict human movement patterns in the context of COVID-19. These measures include: quarantine, in which individuals who have been exposed to a communicable disease are separated from others for the duration of the disease’s incubation period; isolation, in which individuals with a communicable disease are separated from others for as long as they are infectious; and social distancing, in which individuals or large groups of people are restricted from gathering.